Since the beginning Covid-19 it is known that obesity, As well as other comorbidities, can Accentuate Pictures of the disease. A UK study based on the observation of 6.9 million people, was recently published in the journal Lancet Diabetes and EndocrinologyThis thesis confirms by referring to it The higher the BMIAnd the The higher the chance of deterioration infection.
In Ciara, according to the latest Sesa Epidemiological Bulletin, obesity has been highlighted as Third comorbidity Most cases of patients worsening and requiring hospitalization were reported, following diabetes and heart disease respectively.
“studying [do Reino Unido] Showed that there is Linear relationship. It showed that a BMI starting at 23 actually increases the risk of hospitalization. Endocrinologist Anna Flavia Torquato explains that this rate above 28 increases the risk of death.
Which – which Downward trendAccording to the specialist, this is mainly due to inflammatory processes. Obesity is a chronic disease associated with chronic inflammation. Therefore, there are changes regarding the patient’s immune response. In addition, an obese patient often has comorbidities and metabolic diseases such as, for example, diabetes, which is also a risk factor. ”
Immunologist Edson Teixeira supports Torquato’s inference and states that because of these infections, the higher the BMI, the higher the possibility of this happening as well. Microtrombo. “This is also a factor that can lead to death,” he says.
Obesity in young people
Another finding from the UK study is that Obesity alone can exacerbate cases of Covid-19 in young people Between 20 and 39 years old. For Torquato, this finding is important because young men tend to believe that they do not develop serious cases of the disease.
Last Friday (30), Fabricio Dionisio Da Silva, 29, was tube inserted due to the Covid-19 sequences. The obese man who was infected in February had spent 51 days in the hospital and was trying to recover from the consequences of the disease when his body suddenly swelled and saturation decreased again.
His sister Alexandrina described his condition as “very worrying and complicated” and commented that he had heard from doctors that obesity would be tantamount to Risk factor, Despite his young age.
Anna Flavia Torquato also notes that the social isolation caused by the epidemic has increased The proportion of obese people and overweight In the country that is worrying. “Social isolation, although necessary to avoid contamination, is associated with overeating. A person tends to” pinch “more, eat more food. I have been greatly affected by psychological problem, anxiety and depression in addition to physical inactivity,” warns the doctor who draws attention to Develop healthy eating habits and physical activity.
Data from surveillance of risk factors and protection against chronic diseases via a telephone survey (Vigitel) released in 2020 showed that, at that time, in Brazil, 55.4% of the population is overweight – BMI above 25 – W. 20.3% are obese Index is over 30.
Relationship with the vaccine
Another study by Italian researchers with obese health workers showed that when compared to people without the condition, this audience produces About half The amount of antibody after the second dose of Pfizer / BioNTech vaccine.
Immunologist Edson Teixeira notes that this research was conducted taking into account a very small number of patients and focusing only on the production of antibodies, which That won’t be enough To establish an understanding of vaccine efficacy in this group or even indicate something about the need for a boost in the vaccination schedule.
However, the specialist parallels other diseases and points out that “with regard to hepatitis B, rabies, and influenza, there are reports in the literature that show that obese individuals, The higher the BMI, the lower the response to vaccines. In other words, it’s not something new, but something related, in this case, to Covid-19. “
According to the Ministry of Health, obese people are a priority for Covid-19 vaccination and are included in the The third step of the campaign, Which should start in May.