On Monday (26), the Family Health Units (USF) run by the city of Porto Velho will step up their blood pressure measurements. Service will be provided from 7 AM to 1 PM. The initiative on the occasion of the National Day to combat arterial hypertension and contribute to educating the population about the risks of disease
April 26 was set as the date for the announcement of the fight against arterial hypertension through Law No. 10.439 / 2002 of April 2002, to educate the population on the importance of preventive diagnosis and treatment of the disease.
Follow up on the patient
All health units in urban, rural and riverside areas provide care and follow-up for hypertensive patients. Therefore, it is necessary to register in the unit closest to their residence, where the patient takes the medicine, performs examinations, and medical and nursing consultations.
To enroll and follow up on the High Blood Pressure Program, it is important to always have your SUS card and personal documents on hand. In addition to enrollment in the High Blood Pressure Program, patients are also included in the e-SUS where data are recorded and monitored, such as blood pressure measurements, that are made at an examination or reception of these health units.
According to the Director of Family Health Strategy and Care Lines at the Municipal Health Secretariat (Simosa), Christian de Souza Delgado, the SUS user has the necessary medications available to control and intervene in disease in the unit’s pharmacy.
“Before the pandemic, these users were part of health groups that did group activities such as physical activity, guidance on healthy eating, nutritional status control, and lectures on healthy living. With this epidemic, the strategy needed to be adapted to individual assistance and be limited to Morning time “.
According to the Primary Care Department (DAB) of the Municipal Health Secretariat (Semusa), in the past two years, the electronic system of SUS (E-SUS) recorded 8,504 visits by people with high blood pressure.
From 2019 to 2020, the same system indicated a 14% increase in the number of registrations of people diagnosed with high blood pressure. Of the 17,432 people registered with E-SUS in the capital, 2,626 had a stroke.
According to the Ministry of Health, the Brazilian Arrhythmia Association and the Brazilian Society of Cardiology, symptoms of hypertension appear only when there is an increase in pressure, that is, when the pressure frequency remains above 140 x 90 mm Hg.
When the pressure is higher than recommended, symptoms such as chest and head pain, dizziness, shortness of breath, palpitations, ringing in the ears, weakness, blurred vision, and nosebleeds frequently appear.
Among the main causes of high blood pressure are obesity, family history, aging, stress, alcohol consumption, smoking and salt, lack of physical exercise and high cholesterol levels.
Diagnosis can be made with regular manometry. People 20 years of age or older should be screened at least once a year if there is no history of family members with the disease. If this is the case, it is recommended that the measurement be done twice a year.
In most cases, there is no cure for high blood pressure, but it can be controlled if diagnosed early.
Medicines are not always enough. It is imperative that the patient adopts a healthier lifestyle.
A complication from high blood pressure attacks the blood vessels, heart, brain, and eyes and causes the kidneys to freeze. Therefore, if treatment is done continuously, the quality and life expectancy can be increased
text: Carlos Sabino
Pictures: Leandro Moraes