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How does the LHC particle accelerator work? [Large Hadron Collider] - Science - Techblog

How does the LHC particle accelerator work? [Large Hadron Collider] – Science – Techblog

What was once just a work of science fiction, is already part of the reality of applied humanities. see below, How does the LHC particle accelerator work where Large Hadron Collider Understand their important contribution to current developments in human technological development and their origins.

Testing and maintenance at the LHC (Photo: Anna Pantelia/CERN)

Large Hadron Collider (LHC)

NS Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator. Work began on September 10, 2008 and remains the latest addition to the accelerator complex at CERN – the European Organization for Nuclear Research, located near Geneva on the Franco-Swiss border.

The LHC consists of a 27-kilometre ring of superconducting magnets with different accelerating structures to increase the energy of the particles along the way. Once powered up, the LHC fires beams of protons and ions at close to the speed of light. The LHC causes the beams to collide with each other and then record the events resulting from the collision.

This project is the most ambitious and powerful particle accelerator ever built. Thousands of scientists from hundreds of countries work together – and compete with one another – to make new discoveries.

Six sites along the perimeter of the LHC collect data for different experiments. Some of these experiences overlap, and scientists are trying to be the first to discover important new information.

Image of the LHC structuring project (Image: CERN/Disclosure)

What is the purpose of the LHC particle accelerator?

The purpose of the Large Hadron Collider is to increase human knowledge of the universe. While the discoveries scientists will make may lead to practical applications in the future, that’s not why scientists and engineers built the Large Hadron Collider.

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It is a machine designed to increase our understanding. Given that the LHC costs billions of dollars and requires the cooperation of many countries, the lack of practical application may surprise “entrepreneurs”.

The LHC allows scientists to reproduce the conditions that existed within a billionth of a second after the Big Bang, in which beams of high-energy protons or ions collide at enormous speeds, close to the speed of light.

This was the exact moment, about 13.7 billion years ago, when the universe is believed to have begun with an explosion of energy and matter. During these first moments, all the particles and forces that make up our reality came into being, defining what we see now.

Studying the origin of the galaxy is the main target of the LHC (Photo: Tengyart/Unsplash)

How it works?

To help understand how the mechanism works, let’s go back to explaining that the LHC does not exist alone, it is part of a research triad. The other two members are:

  • Detectors: Each of the four main detectors is located in huge compartments around the ring of the LHC to detect the results of particle collisions. Their names are: ATLAS, ALICE, CMS, and LHCb;
  • LHC Global Computing Network (WLCG): A global network of computers and software necessary to process the data blocks recorded by all LHC detectors.

LHC has a global scope because the project is supported by a large international community of scientists and engineers. Agents work in multinational teams around the world, build and test equipment and software, and participate in experiments or data analysis.

The UK plays an important role in the project, with scientists and engineers working on all major experiments.

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What is the investment of the LHC?

The investment of the really huge LHC is about 3.74 billion euros. In fact, most of them are designed for the accelerator. The numbers are as follows:

  • Accelerator: 3 billion euros
  • Experiments: 728 million euros;
  • Computers: 17 million euros.

To have an idea, when converting to our currency, the value can reach about 20 billion riyals. The total cost was mainly shared among the 20 CERN member states, with significant contributions from six observer countries.

The LHC 111 project involved designing, building and testing equipment and software, and now continues with them to participate in experiments and data analysis. The degree of participation varies between countries, as some are able to contribute more financial and human resources than others. A project studying the origin of our universe is directed around the world.

informative: CERNAnd How Stuff WorksAnd STFC.