Diseases such as mumps, rubella, and measles share the fact that they are highly contagious and acute, and in some cases lead to hospitalization, complications, and early death. To prevent these infections that have caused epidemics in the past (particularly measles, responsible for millions of deaths worldwide), the Standardized Health System (SUS) is offering the MMR vaccine free of charge across the country. In the capital, the immunizing agent is applied by municipal equipment, including basic health units (UBSs), outpatient medical assistance (AMAs), and integrated AMAs/UBSs.
Learn more about the three diseases covered by the MMR vaccine.
Mumps is a viral disease of the facial glands responsible for saliva production, such as the parotid, submandibular and sublingual glands. As with other viral infections, mumps is spread through droplets when we talk or cough or through direct contact with an infected person. It is more common in children and teens who are in school, but it can affect adults as well. It is worth noting that once a person is immunized with the vaccine, they are no longer susceptible to mumps.
The most common symptom of this infection is swollen salivary glands between the jaw and the ear on one or both sides of the face. The swelling in the area causes pain and fever and when it affects men it can cause orchitis (inflammation of the testicles). In women, mumps can cause mastitis (an infection of the breast tissue). Learn about other symptoms of mumps:
• Fatigue and weakness.
• loss of appetite and,
• Pain when chewing and swallowing
Also known as “German measles,” it affects fetuses or newborns whose mother was infected during pregnancy (congenital rubella). The infection causes complications for both, such as miscarriage and congenital malformations – deafness, heart, eye, among others. In addition, the virus also spreads through the air, facilitating infection in day care centers and schools, causing infection.
According to the Department of Health (MS), in 1992, when the vaccination against this disease was gradually introduced with the MMR vaccine, the number of infections decreased significantly. As of 2009, 97% of the population had already been vaccinated and there were no more cases of rubella, indicating that transmission of the virus has been interrupted. Know the symptoms of German measles:
• common cold.
• The appearance of bumps.
• low-grade fever and,
• Red spots on the body.
Being an acute viral disease, easily transmitted by droplets that come out of the mouth, measles was once one of the largest epidemic diseases, affecting mainly children and leading to death. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), measles is a disease that periodically leads to an epidemic. According to the organization, 17,000 new cases of measles were reported worldwide between January and February of this year.
In addition to the discomfort caused by symptoms, the infection can also have lifelong sequelae. Respiratory infections, otitis media (ear infections), nervous diseases, deafness, blindness, and decreased mental ability are exacerbations of the disease that the disease can bring to the affected person. The main symptoms of measles are:
• Fever and malaise.
• common cold.
• White spots on the inside of the cheek.
• Red spots on the body.
The best way to avoid infection with the disease is the vaccine provided by the municipal network. Therefore, it is important to make sure that you were vaccinated when you were a child, as well as up to date your children’s vaccination book; And in case there are red spots on the body, look for UBS.
If you develop symptoms of mumps, rubella or measles, find one of the 470 UBS of the Municipal Health Network and remember to keep your children’s vaccination record up to date with the MMR vaccine.
Therefore, every eligible citizen must receive the vaccine to ensure their protection. Currently, children aged six months to less than five years, health professionals, and people born after 1960 can receive the vaccination and update their vaccination status.
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