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Learn how diet affects a diabetes prognosis

Learn how diet affects a diabetes prognosis

In Brazil, there are approximately 16 million Brazilians suffering from the chronic disease. (photo: clone)

Anyone who is genetically predisposed to developing diabetes can, on their own, develop the disease later in life. If you are an obese patient, the possibility is much higher. Now, if you are a physically active patient, on a high-calorie diet, at the expense of protein, the possibility is lower.

However, the line is blurred. It’s important to gain muscle because it increases glucose uptake, and you don’t need insulin to take it. Bodybuilding is a way to protect yourself so that you don’t get diabetes in the future. You just need to be careful not to overdo it in your diet and start gaining visceral fat, which is that in the belly area.

Bet on whole carbohydrates, fruits with a low glycemic index, such as strawberries and avocados, and foods rich in fiber, including protein and fats. Avoid foods such as bread, pasta, rice and desserts.

The glycemic index is the ability to produce a large amount of carbohydrates within the intestines, and these carbohydrates enter the bloodstream, turn into an increase in blood glucose and may cause sudden spikes in blood glucose and insulin. This can cause swelling, hypoglycaemia rationally, excess glucose and increase the possibility of developing diabetes in the future.

Endocrinologist Elaine Dias directs to stay active, with physical activity at least three times a week, avoid cigarettes and alcoholic beverages, eat a good diet and sleep 7 to 9 hours a night. It’s also important to cut back on trans fats and ultra-processed foods and learn how to manage stress.

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Watch for symptoms such as excessive thirst, excessive urination, weight loss despite good nutrition, an enlarged abdomen, tingling sensations in the legs and hands, and vision changes. They indicate that the glucose level is too high, and the possibility of a person developing diabetes is high.

The main types of diabetes

Diabetes can be divided into 4 main types:

Type 1 diabetes: It is the least common type and appears from birth. It is considered an autoimmune disease, as the immune system itself attacks the cells of the pancreas responsible for insulin production. Thus, insulin is not produced, glucose does not move into the cells and ends up accumulating in the blood.

Type 2 Diabetes: It is the most common type and is caused by insulin resistance that appears throughout life, usually due to poor eating habits. This resistance reduces the action of insulin in the body and causes glucose to build up in the body.

Gestational diabetes: This is a type of diabetes that only occurs during pregnancy and is associated with the placenta secreting other hormones that block insulin action.

Pre-diabetes: Occurs when the blood sugar level is high but still not enough to diagnose diabetes.

In addition, diabetes can also be divided into other rare types such as latent autoimmune diabetes in adults or drug-induced diabetes.