In the annual budget bill for 2022, the Ministry of Defense will earn 1.2 billion R$ more than this year for investments, while the science, technology and innovation bill will increase from R$231 million to R$723 million.
The Ministries of Defense, Science, Technology and Innovation gained more resources for investments in the 2022 Annual Budget Bill (PLOA) bill. This year, the defense allocated R$7.1 billion and the project should earn R$8.3 billion, a difference of R$1.2 billion. The flag goes from R$231 million to R$723 million, nearly three times as much.
The ministries of health and regional development are the bodies most lost in the proposal submitted by the executive branch. Investments in health have fallen from R$4.9 billion this year to R$2.1 billion next year, less than half. Meanwhile, regional development rises from R$9.6 billion to R$2 billion, a difference of R$7.6 billion.
The losses of these two volumes are greater compared to the allocation of 2020, where regional development investments amounted to 11.9 billion R$, and health investments to 6.2 billion R$.
However, a portion of these resources should be replaced by Parliamentary Amendments which tend to favor these two volumes, especially Health, which gets 50% of the resources for individual modifications. The 2022 draft budget allocated R$10.477 billion for amendments by deputies and senators and R$5.647 billion for amendments by government caucuses.
The survey, conducted by the Chamber’s budget consulting firm based on data from the Integrated Planning and Budgeting System (Siop), only considers investments in the financial and security budget. In a comparison of programs that take into account the investments of state-owned enterprises, the largest losses were in oil, gas, derivatives and biofuels.
In the bill approved by Congress this year, the sector received R$124.5 billion, but in next year’s executive proposal, it provides only half, or R$72.6 billion. The other program that lost its investments is civil aviation, which made 523 million reais this year, but will receive only 76.3 million reais next year.
In light of the energy crisis and the threat of shortages, investments in electric power will increase from R$ 7 billion this year to R$ 11 billion next year, a difference of R$ 4 billion. Conecta Brasil in Correios has nearly doubled, going from R$ 48.8 million to R$ 85.1 million.
Preparation and impotence
According to the government, spending on investments and other discretionary expenditures is threatened by the growth of spending on court decisions, the so-called precursor. Judgment payments rose from R$55.4 billion this year to R$89.1 billion in 2022. The amount stipulated in the Budget Guidelines Act (LDO) 2022 was R$57.8 billion.
For comparison, discretionary spending will be reduced from R$ 99.1 billion this year to R$ 98.6 billion next year. Proportionately, it goes from 7.3% of 2021 budget expenditures to just 6% in 2022.
Despite these trends, the performance of the economy and the restraint of spending helped reduce the primary deficit next year to R$49.6 billion, equivalent to 0.5% of GDP. At LDO, the deficit estimate was R$170.5 billion, or 1.9% of GDP. The deficit this year was R$155.1 billion, or 1.8% of GDP.
Social security reform has partly contributed to reducing the deficit in public accounts. The social security deficit should fall from 3.8% of GDP this year to 3.1% next year, to R$282.5 billion, according to the budget proposal.
health and education
The project expects to invest 111.2 billion R$ in education maintenance and development and 134.5 billion R$ in public health measures and services. The 2021 PLO stipulated the investment of 98.9 billion R$ and 124.6 billion R$ in the respective regions. The amounts currently authorized for 2021 are R$100.1 billion and R$178 billion. In health, R$7.1 billion has been allocated to continue the fight against Covid-19, as follows:
– 3.9 billion Brazilian reals for vaccination;
– R$1.8 billion for medium and high-complexity care expenses;
– 700 million Brazilian reais for primary care; And
– 663 million Brazilian riyals distributed among other programs.
In order to pay Auxílio Brasil (Interim Measure 1061/21), which was created to replace Bolsa Família, PLOA 2022 provides R$34.7 billion to serve 14.7 million households. The Budget Advisers’ Joint Newsletter notes that, unlike Bolsa Família, Auxílio Brasil has not been earmarked. In August 2021, the Bolsa Família benefited 14.6 million families and their allocation in 2021 is R$34.8 billion.
The expenditures of the Special Fund for Campaign Finance are expected to be R$2.128 billion, up 4.5% from the R$2.035 billion authorized in 2020. The fund caused controversy in the vote on the LDO 2022 project, which was approved by Congress with an estimate of R$5.7 billion. President Jair Bolsonaro later vetoed it.
Two installments constitute the value of the fund:
– R$812 million, an amount equal to the minimum tax compensation received by radio and television stations for disseminating party propaganda in 2016 and 2017, updated by INPC;
– 1.316 billion Rls resulting from a decrease in the reserve of resources allocated to meet the mandatory implementation of government bench adjustments.
As for the party fund, the amount programmed for 2022 is R$ 1.06 billion.
The project does not offer server resets. However, for the first time in three years, a public examination is expected, with 41,700 vacancies open in executive bodies, federal universities and regulatory bodies. Expectations indicate that employee expenses will grow from 332.355 billion reais this year to 342.799 billion reais next year.
Other priorities highlighted by the government in the 2022 budget are:
– the integration of R$ 8.5 billion into the revenues of the National Science and Technology Fund, half of which will be non-refundable resources;
– R$10.148 billion for ongoing investments in the Executive, with 10.3% of discretionary expenditures allocated;
– R$ 2 billion to conduct the census in 2022. When preparing the census in 2022, an additional balance of R$ 82.3 million has already been published this year, and additional resources of R$ 35.7 million are being processed in the National Congress millions.
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