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Minas Gerais Agency |  Measures to combat non-communicable diseases and injuries are the subject of the state meeting

Minas Gerais Agency | Measures to combat non-communicable diseases and injuries are the subject of the state meeting

a Ministry of Health of Minas Gerais (SES-MG) On May 14 and 15, the State Meeting on Surveillance of Non-communicable Diseases and Conditions was held in Belo Horizonte, which was attended by technical references and coordinators from 28 regional health units.

Dantes accounts for the majority of deaths in the world, and in Minas Gerais, the scenario is no different. They lead to premature deaths, disability, reduced quality of life, and economic impacts on affected families. Hence, the event aims to contribute to qualifying measures to combat these conditions and thus improve the country’s epidemiological scenario.

For the Coordinator of NCD, Disease and Cancer Surveillance at SES-MG, Sandra de Souza, this dialogue with regional units across the state is essential. He stressed that “it is important for the authorities to be present at this meeting because based on the knowledge and specification of the topics being worked on, they will provide technical support so that the municipalities can implement anti-DANT measures.”

“In addition to the lectures on accident surveillance, non-infringement chronic disease surveillance and violence surveillance, we are also working on the preparation of the Practice Notebook for Non-communicable Diseases and Injuries, which aims to bring concepts, theoretical references and solutions into public policies and injuries,” explained Sandra de Souza: “Funding Dante in the State of Minas.” “Gerace.”

For the technical authority of the regional health surveillance of the municipality of Coronel Fabriciano, Michele Battista, it is very important to make municipalities aware that it is necessary to know their territory and be aware of the occurrence of chronic diseases and injuries.

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She stressed that it is necessary for municipalities to work within the health fields to prevent and work to promote health, because these events are costly to the public treasury, lead to many hospitalizations and cause enormous social, family and individual impacts.

“After this event, we as technical references returned to our territory stronger and more oriented to supporting municipalities, so that they can deal well with events involving chronic diseases and non-communicable diseases and can help in the prevention of these types of costly diseases,” Michele Batista pointed out to the Municipal Health Network. .

Schedule

On the first day of the meeting, the lecture was given by Amelia Augusta, Doctor of Public Health, professor and researcher at the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG). The convergence of traffic and health.

Traffic events fall within the concept of non-communicable diseases and injuries, as they are not transmitted by a specific factor such as viruses or bacteria, but rather are the result of a group of factors that include human behavior, infrastructure and public policies.

“We know that these events often have characteristics of individual behavior, the issue of road infrastructure and the absence of public transportation,” he stressed.

“It is therefore necessary to pay attention to cross-sectoral policies that include health and education policies, but also transport policies and sustainable urban mobility. It is necessary to deepen this view of cities and living in them, and urbanization and its impacts on people’s health.”

The lecture was then given by Dr. and Associate Professor at the UFMG School of Nursing, Deborah Carvalho Malta. Contextualizing chronic noncommunicable diseases and updating them based on scientific evidence. The professor presented a series of research data on these illnesses and diseases, divided by categories such as gender, age, education, and purchasing power.

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According to her, such diseases are responsible for up to 36% of deaths in the country and are caused by behavioral risk factors, mainly social determinants of health. Chronic diseases are more common among low-income and low-educated populations.

According to Deborah Carvalho Malta, especially after the Covid-19 pandemic, there has been an increase in mortality rates due to chronic diseases, which requires regulatory policies to reduce the incidence of these diseases. It highlighted some challenges, such as the increase in obesity, women's alcohol use, and adolescent tobacco use, especially the use of e-cigarettes.

“Therefore, there are continuing challenges and having public policies to control these diseases, especially regulatory measures, is very important. Government involvement in supporting DANT surveillance systems is also essential to be able to support the implementation of policies aimed at health promotion and prevention of these diseases.”

On the second day of the event, the practical guide to non-communicable diseases and injuries was presented, and a workshop was held with the participation of regional technical references to discuss the tasks proposed to municipalities and regional health departments in combating DNT across the regions.

At the conclusion of the program, the lecture “Violence Control: Advances in Treatment” was given by Elaine Leandro Machado, Ph.D., Epidemiologist, Professor and Researcher at UFMG.