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Monkeypox: Professor Unesc Clarifies Doubts |  TN South

Monkeypox: Professor Unesc Clarifies Doubts | TN South

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The Ministry of Health (MS) is monitoring and analyzing seven suspected monkeypox (monkeypox), which have been registered in recent days in Brazil. The states of Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, Sao Paulo, Ceará and Mato Grosso do Sul with one case each, as well as Rondônia with two isolated patients while awaiting test results.

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Professor of Biological Sciences Course and Museum of Zoology at Unesc and biologist of the Regional Department of Health in Criciúma, Tiago Moreti, comments that monkeypox is a disease caused by the monkeypox virus and gets its name from the initial discovery in colonies of monkeys, although it is found mainly in rodents. .

According to Thiago, the problem is that this time, since May, there have been many confirmed cases in countries considered non-endemic for the virus or in people who do not have a direct relationship with travel to these endemic areas.

Germany, Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, United Arab Emirates, Scotland, Slovenia, Finland, France, Hungary, Ireland, Northern Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Malta, Morocco, Mexico, Norway, Wales, Netherlands, Czech Republic, Sweden and Switzerland are the two regions with confirmed cases.

In Brazil, the Ministry of Health issued a statement on the current national situation last Sunday, the fifth, through its operating room to monitor monkeypox cases in the country. The goal is to develop an action plan for surveying cases, laboratory tests, and clinical data of the disease. Only in Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais can the investigation be carried out, but according to the Minister of Health, Marcelo Quiroga, the arrival of imported test kits will facilitate diagnosis. Next Thursday (06/09), a procedure will be launched by MS and on Friday (06/10), all central public health laboratories in the states and the Federal District (Lacen) will already receive the first shipment of kits.

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As a virus primarily detected in animals, monkeypox is primarily transmitted by direct or indirect contact with blood, body fluids, skin lesions, or mucous membranes of infected animals. However, what is happening now is person-to-person transmission which mainly occurs through personal contact via respiratory droplets (coughing or sneezing from an infected person), contact with skin lesions of infected people or recently contaminated objects such as clothing, bedding or Towels.

Symptoms are divided into two periods, the first being characterized by fever, headache, muscle aches, and lower back pain. Then the rash begins, usually starting on the face and spreading to other parts of the body.scratches

To reassure the population, monkeypox, or monkeypox, is generally milder than human smallpox, which was eradicated from the world in the 1970s and 1980s through vaccination. “Comparing monkeypox to something similar to Covid-19 is still a long way off, firstly because monkeypox is an already known disease, which had previously had an outbreak, as happened in the United States in 2003, and for which we already have a vaccine with greater than 80% efficiency to prevent cases of The new disease. Since we are not out of the pandemic yet, and now it is a virus with the “name” of smallpox, which in the case of smallpox was one of the largest epidemics in history with a large number of deaths, which makes people anxious “, analyzes the teacher.

prevention and information

According to Thiago, the important thing is not to go around worrying people or spreading false news. “Spreading word that someone you know has monkeypox, because they have the same symptoms of the disease, is not the right thing to do. Also because symptoms like fever, headache and rashes are common in different diseases like herpes simplex, bacterial skin infections and chickenpox/herpes zoster And measles, etc. He explained that the disease is only confirmed through laboratory tests, and it is worth noting that the death rate is very low.”

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With regard to prevention, we must continue the habits we are already accustomed to, such as: cleaning our hands regularly with soap and water and then using 70% alcohol. Healthcare professionals in the care of suspected cases should implement standard contact and eye drops precautions, which include the use of eye protection, surgical mask, gown, and disposable gloves. “The only thing that will be added is that things used by the suspect should be washed with hot water and detergent (towels, sheets, kitchen utensils) and the patient should be kept in isolation until the scales of the pests are gone.” teacher doctor.

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