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More lollistas than polsonaristas claim to have taken a booster dose of the vaccine against covid

More lollistas than polsonaristas claim to have taken a booster dose of the vaccine against covid

Photo: Wilson Dias/Agency Brasil/Archivo
More lollistas than polsonaristas claim to have taken a booster dose of the vaccine against covid September 07, 2023 | 10:58

More lollistas than polsonaristas claim to have taken a booster dose of the vaccine against covid

The commitment of Lolis voters to vaccination against COVID-19 was greater than that of Bolsonarians in the early stages of the vaccination campaign, but also in the booster stages.

This is the conclusion of a survey conducted by SoU_Ciência (Center for Society Studies, Universities and Sciences), Unifesp (Federal University of São Paulo) in collaboration with Instituto Ideia (formerly Ideia Big Data).

The survey was conducted between July 5 and 10 by cell phone, with the participation of 1,295 participants, from all regions of the country, aged 18 years or over. The margin of error is plus or minus three percentage points.

Of all the participants, 38.6% said they voted for Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) and 36.7% for Jair Bolsonaro (PL) in the second round of the last election. And 15.8% declared the vote invalid or empty, and 9% said they did not know or did not want to answer.

According to the survey, 28% of lolistas claim to have received up to the fifth (bivalent) dose of Covid, compared to 10.7% of bolsonaristas.

Among Lula’s supporters, 2.2% said they had not taken any dose, and only 2.8% said the first dose. Among Bolsonaro voters, 6.6% say they have not been vaccinated and 9% have only received their first vaccination (without completing the initial vaccination schedule).

As for the third dose, 32.7% of Bolsonaro supporters said they had received it, compared to 28.9% of Lula voters.

“Many of the participants who claimed to have voted for Bolsonaro took the third dose. On the other hand, in 2022, their rhetoric was more focused on attacking child vaccination and other boosters, and they succeeded in that.”

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For him, there has been a politicization of the vaccine during the pandemic that has caused many of Bolsonaro’s followers to stop trusting the vaccinators. “You can see from the response pattern that Lula voters are much more in favor of vaccination than Bolsonaro voters. But last year there was also a decrease in vaccination in relation to boosters, which may mean that there is also room for better communication about the importance of vaccination in the constituency of the current government. .

Labor supporters also said they most supported a campaign to vaccinate children against COVID (89.6% vs. 49% of Bolsonarians), as well as adherence to measles and polio campaigns (92% and 83.6% respectively).

Overall, 75.4% of Lula voters said they always trust vaccines, compared to 38.4% of Bolsonaristas. The impact of disinformation groups about vaccines mainly affected Bolsonaro voters: 13% of them said they usually get vaccinated, but stopped doing so with the Covid vaccine, compared to 4% of Lula voters.

Soraya Smaili, Coordinator of SoU_Ciência, and Professor of Pharmacology at Unifesp, argues that the recovery of this reluctant segment of the population should be carried out through significant joint cooperation between the federal government, through the Ministry of Health, states and municipal departments, scientists and society.

“We need to work first with information, but not only that, we need coordinated work with the states and municipalities. We are in contact with the minister [Nísia Trindade, da Saúde]But we need to build this network, because the disinformation network exists and is strong.”

According to Ministry of Health data available as of September 3, 28,380,064 doses of the dual vaccine have been applied, covering 15.9% of the population over 18 years.

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In the poll, 13% of respondents who announced their vote for Bolsonaro and 24% of Labor Party supporters said they did not take the full vaccination schedule due to forgetfulness. And 22% of Bolsonaro supporters and 15% of Lula voters believe they have already taken “enough doses”.

“It is clear that with the death rate and the severity of the disease going down, which happened largely due to the impact of the vaccination, people have relaxed. You see a number of people who think they have already taken enough doses, and that is why a strong campaign targeting this audience is needed,” says Smaili. .

Other data found in the survey is that Catholics have taken more doses of the Covid vaccine than evangelicals: 24% of Catholics said they sought vaccination until the last dose, compared to 9.8% of evangelicals.

Among the participants who did not take any dose of the vaccine (2.2% of Catholics compared to 6.4% of evangelicals), he drew attention to those who said “they do not trust vaccines”, a statement defended by 53.2% of evangelicals and 9.1%. % of Catholics.

“Evangelicals were at the center of the hurricane and were the preferred target of Bolsonaro’s populism. They adhered to the former president’s speech of denial. But it is important to highlight that, after the pandemic and the hurricane of disinformation, they became interested in supporting the SUS, Science, and Truth Commission to judge the crimes of the epidemic and seek reliable information.

In the poll, 39.1% of respondents said they were Catholics and 29% were Evangelicals. Other religions or no religion represented 32% of the participants.

education and income
In terms of education, the survey also found a greater disparity among those who claimed to have completed primary school with regard to vaccination adherence, compared to those who completed tertiary education: 13.4% sought the two-dose versus 24.1%, respectively.

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Income also plays an important role in adherence to vaccination: 63% of those earning up to 1 minimum wage report that they have always committed to campaigns, a rate that jumps to 84% among those earning 3 to 5 minimum wages and to 77% among those earning 3 to 5 minimum wages. Among those earning more than five minimum wages.

And when asked about adherence to vaccination as a whole, not just Covid, 56.5% of participants with only primary education said they are always committed to vaccination, compared to 80.6% of those with higher education. About 15% of participants with primary education said they had given up on vaccination during the pandemic, a rate that drops to 3% among participants with tertiary education.

“When you look at income and education, people with higher incomes and, above all, higher education, have committed to vaccination much more. So it is necessary to map that out so that the current government can invest in advertising and vaccination campaigns.

One notable fact is that a less educated part of the population tends to reject the statement that “vaccines are experimental and not proven effective”: 27.4% of respondents with primary education disagree with it, while the rate rises to 47.5% among those with higher education. .

“During the pandemic, we regained trust in science and universities, but in 2022 we lost part of that space to groups that tried to undermine confidence in vaccines, mainly exploiting concerns about potential side effects, which we know are mild,” says Al-Sumaili. “We are in the middle of a fight and we have to act so we don’t let this side of misinformation win.”

Anna Potalo/Folhapress