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HomescienceNew case of disease recorded in the United States

New case of disease recorded in the United States

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Recently, a new case of bubonic plague was confirmed by health authorities in Coloradowe weThe patient, whose identity has been kept secret, raises doubts about how the infection was contracted. Historically, bubonic plague is transmitted through the bites of fleas that infect animals such as rodents.

Bubonic plague is caused by bacteria. Yersinia pestisand is often found on fleas associated with infected rodents. Close contact with these animals or bites from these insects are the most important factors in transmission of infection to humans.

The first sign usually includes painful swelling of the lymph nodes in the groin, armpits, or neck. In addition, patients may develop high fever, headache, nausea, and even more serious symptoms such as extreme fatigue and coughing up traces of blood.

What makes bubonic plague a threat?

Although rarely seen today, bubonic plague can progress to more serious conditions such as bloodstream and lung infections if not treated promptly. These complications can greatly increase the risk of death if not managed quickly.

Historically, the disease is known as “Black PlagueDue to the blackening of the affected nerve ganglia, it was responsible for the death of a third of the European population during an outbreak in the 14th century. Today, although restricted, it still appears in certain areas of the world, especially in rural areas. South America, North America, Africa that it Asia.

In the BrazilNo cases of infection in humans have been reported since 2005. The vast majority of cases recorded today are in animals, and therefore hunting and consumption of wild animals is prohibited by legislation in most countries.

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Preventive measures include cleaning areas that may attract rodents and using repellents to reduce the risk of flea bites. It is essential for individuals to be aware of the early symptoms and seek medical attention as soon as possible so that antibiotic treatment can be started promptly. Isolation of infected patients is critical to preventing the spread of the disease.

*The text is supervised by Tomasz Bellomini.


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