The automobile industry accounts for 7.4% of Portugal’s GDP and has 90,000 workers. However, environmental shift can upset this group.
On September 5-6, the future of the automobile industry will be discussed at a conference promoted by Mubinov. The union that brings together factories and auto parts and trade in them is concerned with the results of digital and demographic transformation in the field of energy He does not want Portugal to be left behind.
In an interview with ECO, President Mobinov asks the state to help companies attract new investments for the sake of the homeland. Jorge Rosa also highlights the need to nurture a sector that provides direct employment for 90,000 people, accounts for 7.4% of GDP and generates annual sales of 15 billion euros, “99% of which is exported”.
“In the short and medium term we will have the sector that the state allows us,” he said recently. I think that gathering Car handles well in Portugal?
generally, The automotive sector has received a lot of attention from the Portuguese government He would listen whenever he asked. Of course, the sector wanted more: it needs to expand and other dynamics. This is of course It requires state and government support. That’s why we are always creditors for more attention.
What auto sector can we get with financial support from the state and without subsidies? What will be the main differences?
Challenges aheadwith the energy, digital, environmental and demographic transformation, in addition to the need for quantitative and quantitative people Huge and requires very special attention from the state. Our sector needs this support.
In addition to financial support, which is very important in several areas, I would say that there Promote the sector abroad and to major auto manufacturers. Here, too, the role of the state is very important. Portugal must assert itself with car manufacturers And it should be part of the brands’ sourcing strategies, which are today rethinking the entire value chain in the face of the problems that the recent turmoil of the war has brought to the sector. Portugal can see in this, in our opinion, a great opportunity, being in Europe, being a country relatively close to the center of the continent and close to the second European car manufacturer (Spain). Confirmation abroad depends a lot on companies – which have to present themselves to manufacturers – but they also lack state support.
This is, for example, what has already been done this year, at the Hannover Industrial FairAnd the Where were many manufacturers Whereas, the Portuguese government made a clear display of its support for the sector. These types of actions and other more robust actions can boost our industry abroad in order to increase scale at home.
Portugal must assert itself with car manufacturers and must be part of the supply strategies of the brands, which today are rethinking the entire value chain in the face of the problems that the recent turmoil of the war has brought to the sector.
Did Portugal’s presence in Hanover really have an impact?
The feedback we have received from the participating companies is very satisfactory, as they are very much addressed. But we still lack specific data, at this point, on deals that have already been closed.
And the emergence of a new car factory is always the sector’s ambition. There is an essential role for the government in attracting new investments. However, installed capacity in Europe is greater than demand. These are considerations that manufacturers should take into account.
The lithium cycle is also important to us: Batteries are an essential component and will be critical to the future of the automotive industry in the short term. After the lithium was installed, I felt the discussion about the lithium cycle and the potential for its extraction – and the ability to produce cells in Portugal to supply powerful markets like Spain – would be a very important factor for developing a new region nonetheless. You will inevitably have to deal with it.
We are approaching the end of 2022 and there are still no plans for mass production of electric cars in Portugal. Are we not in danger of being left behind in the auto industry?
The danger is naturally present. In the gathering We don’t have information on all of the car factories in Portugal but we do know it They are all working towards getting electric models in Portugal I think that’s what will happen. Each of the installed stations will have an electrical solution in the very short term, I have no doubts about that, although it hasn’t been officially announced.
In the auto industry transition, are there conditions for creating new jobs or is the priority to retain jobs that already exist?
The main priority is to secure jobs but we hope to grow. Taking on about 8% of Portugal’s GDP would be very important.
Batteries are an essential component and will be critical to the auto industry’s short-term future. After the lithium was installed, I felt the discussion about the lithium cycle and the potential for its extraction – and the ability to produce cells in Portugal to supply powerful markets like Spain – would be a very important factor for developing a new region nonetheless. You will definitely have to deal with it
Is it possible to take jobs when production of new auto parts is less?
This is true, but there are other opportunities, such as the lithium cycle. But a car will always have tires, chassis, stamped parts, upholstery… We’re all naturally anxious, but moving moments are a risk and an opportunity at the same time. We have to know how to seize opportunities and I’m sure we are working in that direction.
What will be the role of the car in the future of society, given, for example, the restrictions of access to cities?
Obviously, a car, with an important share of greenhouse gas emissions, is always a target. Trying to reduce the number of cars is on the minds of everyone who runs big cities. naturally There is a risk of lower sizes [de produção] Because commuting in cities will increasingly be done by public transportation. But there are still no studies showing a massive reduction in the number of cars in cities. If so, the main reduction in the number of cars will be in Europe.
Can hydrogen be used in existing combustion cars, reusing the existing fleet of cars?
There are studies in this direction and there are technical possibilities, although there is still a lot of maturity. Hydrogen, as a fuel, is ideal for long-distance transportation. It will be the next lane for the tram.
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