Within a decade, public investment in research and development fell 0.1%, from €780 million to €779 million. Spain alone recorded a larger decline of 0.4% from a budget of 7252.3 million to 7220.2 million in 2021. Data published on Wednesday by Eurostat shows that Portugal is in an opposite cycle with the European Union, whose total budget allocations are. of member states, in 2021, to 109.250 million euros, an increase of 35% compared to 2011.
Between 2011 and 2021, three prime ministers ruled Portugal: José Socrates (PS) during the first three months of 2011 until his resignation, Pedro Passos Coelho (PSD), between 2011 and 2015, and António Costa (PS), since 2015 Currently, he is the head of the Portuguese executive branch. This means that Socrates’ budget and then Bassus’ budget in 2011 was higher than Costa’s investment in 2021.
According to Eurostat, as a percentage of GDP, investment in research and development fell from 0.44% to 0.37% between 2011 and 2021. Per capita spending rose from 73.7 million to 75.6 million euros, an increase of 1.9 million euros.
The budgets of Latvia and Greece have gone up, but Germany and France have bigger budgets
Globally, unlike Portugal, the EU recorded a 35% growth in R&D expenditures, from €81,139 million in 2011 to €109,250 million in 2021. During this decade, the highest increases were recorded in significant changes In Latvia, whose budget tripled from €29.6 million to €84.3 million, in Greece, where expenditures doubled from €648.5 million to €1623.4 million, Malta, which rose from €14 million to €35.3 million, and Luxembourg, which saw an increase In research and development expenditures from 208.8 million euros to 437.4 million euros.
Eurostat also indicates that total credits almost doubled in Poland, from 1,175.1 million euros to 2,337.1 million euros, and in Hungary, which increased from 296.2 million euros to 582.2 million euros, after increasing by 72.7% in Bulgaria, and 71.3 % in Estonia and 64.9%. In Germany.
At the other end of the scale are Portugal and Spain, which have reduced research and development budgets.
Latvia and Greece were among the countries with the largest increases in science spending. However, the heaviest budgets are those of Germany, which invested, in 2021, 39,158 million in research and development, and France, with 17,659 million euros.
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