With the arrival of warmer days, people with rosacea, a chronic inflammatory blood vessel disease, tend to suffer more from symptoms.
Data from the Brazilian Society of Dermatology (SBD) indicate that the disease affects between 1.5 and 10% of the population, and is more common in women, between 30 and 50 years old, of white or of European descent.
According to dermatologist Vanessa Sokolowski Sher, people with rosacea are characterized by increased blood vessels in the skin and with heat, they expand into increasing redness on warmer days.
Redness is not the only discomfort experienced by patients, who may develop skin lesions in times of crisis without treatment to control. Some frequent symptoms, according to the SBD, are telangiectasias, which is an increase in spider veins in the affected area, especially in the nose, and in some cases visible and permanent. In more serious flare-ups, it is also common for papules and pustules to appear similar to acne pimples.
Early and ongoing treatment
Treatment of the disease depends on the degree of rosacea, starting with simple measures that include daily skin care, treatment with oral medications, lasers, or surgery. “For rosacea, the best option will always be to start treatment early, as some changes may be permanent,” he notes.
The dermatologist explained that if rosacea is more severe, the skin becomes thicker and inflammatory nodules appear, which can increase the size of the nose, leaving it with a swollen appearance. “The aforementioned condition is called rhinophyma, and it is a more common complication in men,” he explained.
In order for early treatment to take place, it is very important to be aware of the first signs of the disease, namely: the face is often red, or if there are pus balls appearing in the central area of the face.
Ocular rosacea can lead to vision problems
Scheer also mentioned that more serious complications can arise in uncontrolled seizures. “In the case of ocular rosacea, there will always be a risk of damage to the cornea,” he noted.
This type of rosacea usually causes redness, irritation, itching, burning, blurred vision, excessive dryness or wetting (tearing), swollen eyelids, peeling eyelashes and discomfort with the sensation of a foreign body inside the eye.
In the case of ocular rosacea, in addition to conventional treatment, simple eye drops or those containing anti-inflammatory ingredients can be used to help moisturize the eye and treat swelling and inflammation.
Thermogenic foods can make seizures worse
People with rosacea tend to follow a stricter diet to avoid flare-ups, because eating foods that cause vasodilation can exacerbate all symptoms of the disease. Among them can be mentioned: pepper, cinnamon, ginger, spicy products or very hot dishes, as well as drinks such as coffee, yerba tea and alcoholic beverages.
Patients diagnosed with the disease should also undergo periodic follow-up with a specialist doctor, because some factors must be evaluated, such as hormonal changes, for example.
How to reduce burning sensation in the face?
The dermatologist explains that treatment is mainly based on moisturizing with soothing agents, sunscreen, and moisturizing soaps. “These measures usually get a lot better, but when they are not enough, certain medications can be included,” he explained.
As for sunscreen use, people with rosacea need to be careful when choosing products, mainly because some of them may have allergenic potential and their use tends to exacerbate skin irritation, rather than help with treatment. “I always recommend to my patients, preferably, sunscreens with antioxidants in the formulation to reduce inflammation and hydrating agents. In addition, it is preferable to use physical filters, rather than chemical ones, which tend to reduce flare-ups by having fewer irritants. in the composition.
This disease has no cure, but it does.
Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disease, which has no cure, only a cure, so following a skin care routine with proper care is very important.
Even with greater sensitivity in the skin of the face, Vanessa Scherr says that there is no direct relationship between rosacea and skin cancer, however, daily care should be the same, with special emphasis on the daily use of sunscreen.
A dermatologist gives tips on how to prevent rosacea
To prevent avoid:
Triggers such as spicy foods.
Very hot pools
Exfoliating/abrasive agents on the face such as soaps and some acids.
Sunscreen is enough
Moisturizing creams are indicated for rosacea.
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