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De acordo com a NASA, um meteoro iluminou o céu perto da Ilha Manus, Papua Nova Guiné, em 8 de janeiro de 2014, enquanto viajava a mais de 160.000 quilômetros por hora.  Segundo os cientistas, pode ter chovido no oceano com detritos interestelares

Scientists said the meteor that hit Earth in 2014 was from another star system

Experts have confirmed that a meteorite that hit Earth in January 2014 came from another solar system, and is therefore the first known interstellar object.

In a newly released memo, US Space Command officials said the rocky object, which is only 0.45 meters wide, “was in fact an interstellar object.”

His confirmation means that the famous stellar object known as Oumuamua, which was discovered in 2017, is actually the second interstellar object to visit our solar system.

According to NASA, a meteor lit up the sky near Manus Island, Papua New Guinea, on January 8, 2014, while traveling at more than 160,000 kilometers per hour.

Scientists believe it may have left interstellar debris in the South Pacific Ocean, which, if found, could reveal more about the rocky object’s origin.

According to NASA, a meteor lit up the sky near Manus Island, Papua New Guinea, on January 8, 2014, while traveling at more than 160,000 kilometers per hour. According to scientists, it may have rained into the ocean with interstellar debris

Much of the information surrounding the object has been classified by the US government so far.

The memo, dated March 1 and posted on Twitter this month, confirms findings by US Space Command chief scientist Dr. Joel Moser.

The difference between meteorite, nitrogen and meteorites

Meteorites are objects in space that range in size from dust grains to small asteroids.

When meteorites enter Earth’s atmosphere (or the atmosphere of another planet such as Mars) at high speed and burn up, fireballs or “falling stars” are called meteors.

When a meteorite survives a journey through the atmosphere and collides with Earth, it is called a meteorite.

The memorandum was signed by Lieutenant General John E Shaw, deputy commander of US Space Command.

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doctor. Moser confirmed that the velocity estimate reported by NASA is accurate enough to indicate an interstellar path.

Harvard researchers are back in 2019 Publish a study On the arXiv prepress server, acknowledging the existence of the meteorite and saying that it came from outside our solar system.

The study, which has not yet been peer-reviewed, reported that the meteorite originated from interstellar space with “99.999% confidence”.

According to the authors, the study had been waiting for peer review for years before confirming the claim, but it ran into obstacles from the US government, which has been withholding basic information from NASA’s publicly available database.

Amir Siraj, one of the study’s authors said: addicted He wants to track down parts of the body that might be on the ocean floor.

“I started thinking about the fact that we have interstellar matter delivered to Earth and we know where it is,” he said.

“The only thing I’m going to check – and I’m actually talking to people – is if it’s possible to clean the ocean floor off the coast of Papua New Guinea and see if we can get any shrapnel.”

According to NASA, the meteor rose through the sky near Papua New Guinea at a speed of more than 100,000 miles per hour and impacted near Manus Island on January 8, 2014 (conceptual image)

The memo, dated March 1 and posted on Twitter this month, confirms findings by US Space Command chief scientist Dr. Joel Moser.

It’s going to be a big task, but we’ll look at it very deeply, because the possibility of getting the first piece of interstellar matter is exciting enough to check it out thoroughly and talk to all the ocean travel experts in the world. Meteorite recovery.

Information about the meteorite is scattered, although its details — including its coordinates over Manus Island — are recorded at NASA’s Center for Near Earth Object Studies (CNEOS). fireworks database.

Siraj said he was inspired to investigate the meteorite and its impact after noticing its typically higher speed – more than 160,000 kilometers per hour – compared to other entries in the database.

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It was really fast, so I was like, “Oh my God, this could be an interstellar meteor,” Siraj told Vice. He was hiding in plain sight.

Not that we had to dig to find this database – it was just that there was no interstellar body until 2017.

As a result, no one had reason to believe that extrasolar meteorites could exist.

Siraj points out in his 2019 paper that its high velocity points to ‘a possible origin from the deep interior of a planetary system or star in the thick disk of the Milky Way’.

This artist’s impression shows that Oumuamua, which was discovered in 2017. Until now, it was known to be the first interstellar object to visit our solar system

High speed is an indication that an object originated from outside our solar system because if it was in orbit around our sun it would be much slower.

For comparison, the Earth orbits the Sun at about 66,000 miles per hour.

Siraj hopes that her study, which appeared in Astrophysical Journal Letters, will be reviewed and published.

Next, we hope it will help the astronomical community and allow research into the implications of the 2014 meteor impact.

This discovery, of course, means Oumuamua landed to be the second interstellar object to be discovered, in October 2017.

Oumuamua was originally classified as a comet, and was later reclassified as an asteroid because it lacks a coma – the cloud of gases that surrounds the comet’s nucleus.

Crimean amateur astronomer Gennady Borisov, the third known interstellar object to be discovered, discovered a comet called 2I/Borisov using a telescope in August 2019 as the Sun passed.

Last year, scientists declared Comet I/Borisov to be one of the purest comets ever observed, meaning that it hasn’t been altered or degraded by heat and radiation from stars like our Sun.

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‘Umuamua: An interstellar visitor passed Earth at 97,200 mph in 2017

A cigar-shaped object called ‘Oumuamua sailed across the land at 156,428 km/h in October 2017.

It was first seen by a telescope in Hawaii on October 19 and was seen 34 times the following week.

It is named after the Hawaiian term for “Scout” or “Messenger” and has crossed the Earth about 85 times the distance of the Moon.

It was hailed as the first interstellar body seen in the Solar System, but it baffled astronomers.

At first, it was believed that the body could be guilty.

However, it does not show any classical behavior expected of comets, such as dusty particle tails and water ice.

The asteroid is up to 400 meters long and is very oblong – perhaps ten times longer than it is wide.

This percentage is greater than any asteroid or asteroid observed in our solar system so far.

But the asteroid’s slightly reddish color – especially its pale pink – and its changing brightness are remarkably similar to objects in our own solar system.

About the size of the Gherkin skyscraper in London, some astronomers were convinced it had been piloted by extraterrestrials due to the great distance the object had traveled without being destroyed – and the closeness of its journey across Earth.

The alien hunters at SETI said there was a possibility that the rock was a “strange artifact.”

But scientists from Queen’s University in Belfast took a closer look at the object and said it appeared to be an asteroid, or a “mini-planet” as originally thought.

The researchers believe the cigar-like asteroid had a “violent past” after observing light reflecting off its surface.

They are not sure when the violent collision will occur, but they believe that the landing of the lone asteroid will last at least a billion years.