Magnesium has already been proven in the medical literature for its antihypertensive effect. This is because when taken, it acts as an aid in the synthesis of prostaglandins, which have a vasodilating effect, meaning that it helps relax the internal muscles of the blood vessels, which leads to their widening, thus improving blood flow and facilitating the transfer of oxygen and nutrients.
Another benefit is that it is involved in the release of nitric oxide, which also has a vasodilator effect.
When eating foods rich in magnesium, the result is regulation of blood vessel function, which reduces the risks of atherosclerosis and thrombosis, as well as calcification of blood vessels. Another benefit is the modification of myocardial contraction and conduction within the heart.
The literature shows that there is a lower risk of cardiovascular mortality and a lower risk of conditions such as heart failure and other microvascular complications.
Magnesium can be absorbed through a balanced diet, or in cases of deficiency, can be supplemented in the form of magnesium citrate, aspartate, or taurate, which can be beneficial for patients who already have cardiovascular risks.
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome
In a systematic review/meta-analysis published in 2021, it was evaluated that women with polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, had lower levels of magnesium in the blood compared to women who did not have this syndrome. When the scientists evaluated these women, they were able to correlate that the lower their magnesium levels, the higher their BMI.
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