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Watch how to protect yourself from respiratory diseases in winter

Watch how to protect yourself from respiratory diseases in winter

Typical winter illnesses can be avoided by taking proper preventive measures (Image: StoryTime Studio | Shutterstock)

As winter approaches, which begins on June 21 in the Southern Hemisphere, temperatures are dropping in several regions of Brazil. With a cold, the risk of respiratory illnesses, such as influenza, colds, pneumonia, COVID-19, and viruses, increases. This is because staying indoors to keep warm can help spread these diseases.

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According to immunologist and pulmonologist Larissa Kao-Carlett, a member of the Doctoralia health platform, some of the distinct symptoms of PMS should be observed carefully, especially if you already have a pre-existing condition.

“If you already have rhinitis and sneeze daily, it's important to be aware of additional symptoms, such as fever, headache The body has colored nasal discharge and cough. If these symptoms appear, it is advisable to consult a doctor to distinguish between influenza and sinusitis or anything more serious.

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Vaccination is still one of the best ways to protect yourself from winter diseases (Image: Prostock-studio | Shutterstock)

The mentioned vaccines are used to prevent respiratory diseases

The expert points out that the recommended vaccines to prevent respiratory complications in winter include the influenza (influenza) vaccine and the pneumococcal vaccine, which protects against complications associated with bacterial pneumonia.

“The influenza (influenza) vaccine is recommended for people over six months of age, with the exception of those with specific medical contraindications. But there are also Serum Against respiratory syncytial virus, it is new on the market and is especially recommended for the elderly. However, it is important to consult a doctor to determine whether the vaccine is appropriate for each individual.”

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Care to prevent allergic attacks

Larissa Kao-Carlett says respiratory allergy and asthma patients can prevent attacks in the winter by avoiding exposure to known allergens, such as dust, mold and animal dander. Moreover, it is important to keep the home clean and well ventilated and take prescribed medications as directed by the doctor. Taking care of stored bedding and clothing is essential, as they can harbor mold and dust mites and cause crises if not washed before use.

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“The populations most vulnerable to wintering are the elderly, young children, and people with chronic diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart failure, and DiabetesAnd those who suffer from a weak immune system. To increase immunity and prevent respiratory diseases, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, adequate sleep, and reducing stress.

Written by Luisa Fidelis