Also known as polio, and poliomyelitis It is a highly contagious disease caused by the wild polio virus.
In one out of every 200 infections, The virus destroys parts of the nervous system and causes permanent paralysis in the legs or arms. Although rare, the virus can attack the parts of the brain that help it breathe, which can lead to death.
there Polio vaccine. But unfortunately, in Brazil, coverage is far from the target recommended by the World Health Organization, 95%, to maintain control of a disease that can cause irreversible paralysis (usually in the legs). By the way, this condition affects 1 in 200 infections. Of those who get sick, 5% to 10% die from paralysis of the respiratory muscles.
How old is the polio vaccine?
can receive Polio vaccine Children between the ages of 1 and 4 years. To gain immunity against polio virusIt is necessary that they receive several doses of the vaccine.
Two types of polio vaccines Used in the Region of the Americas: Oral attenuated vaccine (OPV) and injectable inactivated vaccine (IPV).
The OPV . Vaccine They contain all three types of poliovirus. Following the announcement of the eradication of wild poliovirus type 2 in 2016, serotype 2 was withdrawn.
Only the OPV vaccine with serotypes 1 and 3, known as bOPV, has persisted. Countries are gradually replacing the bOPV vaccine with the IPV vaccine.
How many people have killed polio?
Two to ten out of 100 Children with polioThey die from paralysis of the muscles that help them breathe.
As long as there is an infected child, others from all countries run Risk of polio.
a The re-emergence of polioin present Low Vaccine Coverage Scenariois a ghost haunting Brazil.
The causative agent of multiple tumors
The poliomyelitis It is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus that invades the nervous system and can cause complete paralysis within hours.
virus It is transmitted from person to person by the fecal-oral route or, in less cases, by common means (contaminated water or food, for example) and multiply in the intestine.
How does polio appear? What are the symptoms?
It is important to doubt poliomyelitis In unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children symptoms flu-like symptoms (fever, muscle aches, headache, lack of appetite) who seem to recover and feel better, but Two to five days passedYou have a headache, fever, severe muscle aches, involuntary muscle movements and a tingling sensation in the legs or arms.
Another detail is that, after a day or two, there Lack of strength in the legs or arms and difficulty walking. Decreased strength rapidly progresses to paralysis, which is often uneven between affected extremities.
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